What to Do When Ransomware Attacks: Top 10 Ways
Ransomware attacks are on the rise. Even if you have taken all security precautions to protect your computer from these malicious hackers, they can still encrypt your files and lock your device. Knowing what to do if ransomware strikes is a good way to keep your devices safe.
This article will cover everything you need to know in order to resist (and even recover from) ransomware attacks. Let’s get started:
What Is Ransomware?
Ransomware is malicious software or malware that locks or encrypts a device. This prevents a user’s access to the device. In exchange for unlocking or decrypting data, the user is required to pay a ransom.
Two types of ransomware are the most common, and they target small business owners. One is Locker, which locks the device; and another is Crypto which encrypts the data on a device.
How Ransomware Attacks Small Businesses
Ransomware infections can occur in many ways. These are the top ransomware attackers you need to know in order not to be a victim of ransomware attacks.
- Malicious email attachments
- Websites compromised with malicious code
- Smishing campaigns that target instant messaging apps
Social engineering attacks can include any one of the above-mentioned tactics. These are the best ways to inflict ransomware on victims’ computers.
Also read: How to Protect Yourself Against Ransomware
What is a Ransomware Response Plan?
The ransomware response plan describes the steps that should be taken in case of ransomware attacks. This plan is similar to a standard operating procedure (SOP), which your company will use in the event of a ransomware attack. You can also use a ransomware response plan to better prepare for future attacks.
Companies that have a defined ransomware response plan are less likely to pay the ransom in order to retrieve critical data.
What to do during a Ransomware Attack
This is how to proceed during a ransomware attack.
1. Disconnect infected device
It is crucial to immediately disconnect infected computers from the Internet after a ransomware attack. This will prevent the ransomware infection from spreading to other computers on your network and limit the damage. This prevents the attackers from gaining access to your files again and encrypting them.
Remove any external storage drives connected to the infected computer. You should then check for ransomware infections in other computers on your network. You should turn off your computer network shared until you’re sure that other systems in the network will be affected.
2. Stay Calm and Composed
It is easy to panic when ransomware attacks your computer. You may start clicking buttons to fix it. This can make the situation worse and make it harder for IT professionals to successfully remove ransomware.
During a ransomware attack, it is important to remain calm and composed. Keep calm and take a deep breath. Panicking will not solve any problems. Contact your IT department immediately and follow their instructions.
3. Inform Law Agencies
Reporting an attack to the appropriate law enforcement agencies is not only helpful for their investigation
but can lead to sensitive information being shared with others and individuals, which provides crucial protection against future attacks.
In addition, if you contact a law enforcement agency, It can often lead to insurance benefits or recovery assistance that can prove valuable in getting your company back on track.
4. Don’t Pay Ransom
Although it might be tempting to just pay the ransom and go on with your life after a ransomware infection, it is important to keep in mind that this only fuels future attacks. You can’t guarantee you’ll get your sensitive data or information back once you have paid the ransom.
5. Change Passwords
After removing the infected device, change all passwords online and on your accounts. Because you don’t know how ransomware entered your computer system or if the hacker stole your login credentials, this is important. After the ransomware infection has been removed, it is important to change your passwords once again.
6. Search for a Decryption Tool
If the ransom note does not include the ransomware’s name, you can use tools like Crypto Sheriff and ID Ransomware to determine the difficulty of decrypting ransomware, after identifying the ransomware strain you can search the internet for the decryption keys. There are many web resources that offer decryption tools to deal with ransomware.
7. Remove the Ransomware
A ransomware removal tool can be used. Malwarebytes Premium or Hitman Pro to eliminate ransomware infections. If you don’t have one, it is a good idea to hire a cybersecurity expert.
After you have removed the ransomware, it is important to update all computers’ operating systems. You should also update any software you use in your company.
8. Build Your System
Now you have updated your operating system, removed the infection, and installed software applications. It is now time to rebuild your system. You should never use data that you cannot decrypt. You should back up data from your backup if it is possible. However, it is important to scan your backup for malware before you do this.
9. Learn more about the Attack Vector
Do after-action research to find out the cause of the ransomware attack. Your team is the best place to begin. Organize a meeting with your team and examine the source of the infection to determine how the ransomware got into the computer system.
10. You can Prevent Future Attacks by Taking Precautions
Once you have identified the attack vector, it is time to take security precautions to protect yourself from future attacks. Most ransomware attacks happen due to human error. Ransomware attacks can be prevented by training your employees and installing ransomware protection software.
What is Remote Desktop Protocol Used in Ransomware?
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), is the most widely used technology by remote workers to connect to an organization’s server. Remote desktop protocol compromises are becoming a common ransomware attack victor due to the increasing number of remote workers.