Software Development

Coding Like a Pro: 10 JavaScript Tricks Every Developer Should Know

JavaScript developer

If you’re a web developer, you would know that JavaScript Framework is at the heart of web development. It allows us to build dynamic websites and add interactive elements like charts, graphs, carousels, dropdown menus, and buttons. As JavaScript is continuously evolving and the use of JavaScript frameworks, such as React and Ext JS JavaScript framework, is increasing, developers are discovering new JavaScript tricks to enhance code readability and maintainability. This helps them create faster and more responsive applications.

This article will explore ten great JavaScript tricks and techniques to help you code more efficiently, enhance your coding skills, and create better apps. Let’s get started!

Destructuring Magic

Destructuring is a powerful JavaScript technique that allows you to extract elements from arrays or properties from objects and assign them to distinct variables in a simplified way. It basically allows developers to write cleaner, readable, and concise code, improving code maintainability.

The example code below demonstrates how array destructuring helps simplify the code:

const numbers = [3, 2, 6];
const [a, b, c] = numbers;
console.log(a); // 3
console.log(b); // 2
console.log(c); // 6

If an element from an array is undefined, JavaScript also allows you to define default values during destructuring. This helps ensure your code doesn’t break.

Spread and Rest Operators

Spread and Rest operators in JavaScript use the same syntax or symbol, that is, three dots or (…). However, they are used for different purposes.

You can use a spread operator to expand or spread individual elements of arrays or properties of objects. Hence, a spread operator is useful when you want to combine elements of multiple arrays or properties or multiple objects.

const arrA = [7, 3, 5];
const arrB = [4, 8, 8];
const newArray = […arrA, …arrB];
//Output: [7, 3, 5, 4, 8, 8]

On the other hand, the rest operator in JavaScript is primarily used in destructuring and function parameters. For instance, a rest operator can be used in a function to handle an undefined number of arguments. The function will neatly capture all the arguments in a separate array, making them easier to handle.

function add(…numbers) {
return numbers.reduce((acc, add) => acc + add, 0);
}
const result = add(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
// Output: 15

Arrow Functions and Implicit Returns

An arrow function is a concise alternative to the traditional function syntax in JavaScript. They were introduced in ES6 and are helpful for single expression and short functions. Below is the basic syntax of an arrow function:

// Regular function
function addition(c, d) {
return c + d;
}
// Arrow function
const addition = (c, d) => c + d;

Notice how the arrow function eliminates the use of curly braces {}, and function and return keywords when the function consists of a single expression. In other words, an arrow function returns the results implicitly without the need to use the return keyword when the function body contains a single expression. This enables developers to write more readable and cleaner code.

Also read: Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks for Developers

Closures and the Module Pattern

Closures are a fundamental feature of JS. They enable us to bundle the functionality and data into a single package, making code maintenance easier. Developers can also utilize Closures to create modular, encapsulated, and private code in JavaScript.

The example code below demonstrates how closures can be used to declare objects with private methods and states:

function counter() {
let num = 0;
return {
increment: function() {
num++;
},
getCount: function() {
return num;
}
};/
}

const mycounter = counter();
mycounter.increment();
console.log(mycounter.getCount());

In the above code, Closures are utilized to provide encapsulation as they keep the ‘num’ variable private to the counter function.

Promises and Async/Await

Promises are a helpful feature in JavaScript that enables developers to handle asynchronous operations more efficiently. A Promise can either be fulfilled, pending, or rejected.

Promises can represent a value that is:

  • Currently available
  • Will be available in the future.
  • Will never be available.

Using Promises with Async/Await enables us to handle errors in a synchronous way within asynchronous code. This makes the code simpler and more readable.

The code below shows how Async/Await can be used with a Promise to catch errors:

async function combinedExample() {
try {
const result = await fetchData(); // Using Async/Await with a Promise
console.log(result);
} catch (error) {
console.error(‘An error occurred:’, error);
}
}

The Power of Object Destructuring

Beyond array destructuring, JavaScript also allows you to destructure objects. This means you can extract properties from objects and assign them to separate variables.

The example code below shows how object destructuring helps write cleaner and concise code and improves code readability:

// Without object destructuring
const member = { name: ‘Bill’, age: 32 };
const name = member.name;
const age = member.age;

// With object destructuring
const { name, age } = member;
console.log(name); // Output: Bill
console.log(age); // Output: 32

You can also destructure nested objects:

const member = {
name: ‘Bill’,
age: 32,
address: {
city: ‘xyz city’,
}
};
// Nested object destructuring
const { name, age, address: { city } } = member;
console.log(name); // Output: Bill
console.log(city); // Output: xyz city

Functional Programming Concepts

JavaScript supports functional programming, allowing you to improve code readability and maintainability. Moreover, functions created using functional programming concepts are usually reusable. Here are some functional programming concepts that JavaScript supports:

Higher-Order Functions

In functional programming, we can pass functions as arguments to other functions, assign functions to variables, or return them as values. Higher-order functions are essentially the functions that return other functions or take them as arguments.

Filter

We can use the filter function to define a new array containing elements that pass a specific condition.

Reduce

The reduce function is mostly used for addition or aggregating data as it allows us to combine the elements of an array into a single value.

Memoization for Performance Optimization

Memoization is a helpful technique in programming languages that allows us to optimize the performance of functions, especially the ones that demand lots of computational resources. You can also utilize this technique for functions that need to be called frequently with the same arguments.

With memoization, we store the results of complex, time-consuming, and computationally expensive. And when the same input occurs, we return the cached results instead of re-computing the function. Hence, memoization helps eliminate redundant computations, improving the overall performance of complex functions.

Also read: Best 10 JavaScript Development Tools

Functional Composition

You can leverage the functional composition technique in JavaScript to combine several functions and create a separate, new function. The Output of one function is essentially the input of the other function in functional composition. This helps developers create and execute complex operations efficiently by combining multiple modular functions.

Leveraging ES6+ Features for Modern Development

ES6, also called ECMAScript, is known as a major update to the JavaScript programming language. In this update, various new features and improvements were introduced, enabling developers to write more readable and maintainable code. Leveraging ES6+ features like spread/rest operators, arrow functions, array and object destructuring, async/await, etc., is at the heart of modern web development.

Conclusion

JavaScript is undoubtedly the most popular programming language in the realm of web development. While it is easy to learn, even for beginners, it involves continuous learning as new tricks and techniques keep emerging with time. The article explores ten great JavaScript tricks for enhancing coding skills. Implementing these tricks and techniques can help you write more readable, concise, and maintainable code.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why should I bother learning advanced JavaScript tricks?

Learning advanced JavaScript tricks and techniques discussed in this article can help you write more readable, concise, and maintainable code.

What is destructing in JavaScript, and how can it benefit my code?

JavaScript allows you to destructure or extract elements of arrays or properties of objects and assign them to separate variables. It allows you to write cleaner, concise, and readable code, improving code maintainability.

What’s the advantage of using arrow functions and implicit returns?

Arrow functions allow you to write concise code, which is easier to maintain.

What are some of the best JavaScript frameworks?

Some of the most popular JavaScript frameworks include Ext JS, React and Vue. Ext JS is a JavaScript UI framework for creating web and mobile applications. The efficient framework has 140+ pre-built UI components and supports two-way data binding. React is also among the most popular JS frameworks. The open-source JavaScript framework allows us to create interactive web apps and is known for virtual DOM.

Written by
Zoey Riley

Zoey Riley is editor of The Tech Trend. She is passionate about the potential of the technology trend and focusing her energy on crafting technical experiences that are simple, intuitive, and stunning.  When get free she spend her time in gym, travelling and photography.

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